How to Make Z-Wave Driveway Motion Sensor

How to Make a Z-Wave Driveway Motion Sensor

In Home Automation by Jody13 Comments

Want to know when the delivery truck is coming? Want to turn the lights on when you get home automatically?

Whatever your motivation, stop scratching your head about the custom RF driveway sensors that play alarms and chimes.  That’s so 1995 anyway.  I’m talking integrate with your home automation system and send you push notifications while you’re on the other side of the world stuff.

Stick around to get the break down, it’s easier than you might think.

And don’t get to hung up on the use of Z-wave either. Just like my guide to making a smart garage door opener, you can make this work for Zigbee, Insteon, Bluetooth, whatever suits you . . . .

And finally, I originally saw this hack on Youtube. But, I’m a fast reader and hate watching videos to consume information, so I wrote this up for the next geek out there that feels the same way I do.  There has to be at least one of you.

What You’ll Need for Your Z-Wave Driveway Motion Sensor

Here’s your shopping list:

  1. Dakota Alert DCMA-2500 Wireless Motion Alert Kit ($120)
  2. Schlage RS100HC Z-Wave Door/Window Sensor ($35) or Ecolink Door/Window Sensor ($28)

Using the current prices on Amazon (because they get me stuff in 2 days, and I’m impatient when I’m in project mode), that’ll run you $148.

That’s a small price to pay for never stepping on a rake in the dark on the way to your front door again, right?

Like I said before, substitute liberally for #3 where needed to work with your existing system.

Why Can’t I Just Use a Z-Wave Motion Sensor?

If you’re wondering why you can’t just pick up a Z-Wave motion sensor, then rest assured that I also answer stupid questions.

That’s especially when it keeps me from having to answer them over and over in emails and comments. 🙂

Since Z-Wave is designed to be really low power (so your battery powered wireless sensors last longer), Also, Z-Wave sensors are designed to be short range and work off of a mesh concept to extend ranges. Unfortunately, this will likely be your only outdoor sensor, and a mesh of 1 does not work very well.

How Your Hacked Z-Wave Driveway Sensor Will Work

So how does it all work?

The Dakota driveway sensor kit is doing all of the heavy lifting here. We’re just going to piggy back on top of its long range and a motion detection designed for outdoor use for just this application.

Using the wireless receiver safely inside the house, you can pick up a cheap window/door sensor that accepts an external input and tie that back into the receiver unit.

It works something like this:

  1. Car is detected by outdoor sensor
  2. RF signal is sent inside to receiver
  3. Receiver plays sounds and flashes a light (which you could disable of course)
  4. We hijack those signals to trigger our door sensor.
  5. Door sensor sends a Z-Wave message to its registered hub
  6. You trigger any smart home goodness that your little heart desires

Yeah, I know.

You’re all here for #6.  But, we’ve got work to do first.

How to Make a Z-Wave Driveway Motion Sensor

  1. Follow the instructions in the Dakota Alert sensor to set up and mount the transmitters outside where you want to pick up the cars.
  2. Install the receiver unit inside your house.
  3. Open up the receiver to expose the contacts.
  4. Pop the top off of your door sensor to expose the terminals for the external input
  5. Use a couple of wires (22 AWG would be fine) to tie the two terminal blocks in the RS100HC to the COM (common) and NO (normally open) contacts in the Dakota receiver.

If you had trouble following along, this guy posted a solid video for all of you visual folks:

There you have it, you can now turn the outside lights on when somebody pulls into the driveway. Or, flash the lights inside to get your attention.

Your only limit is your imagination.

Please, consider sharing to say thanks if this helped you

Comments

  1. Great write up. Is there any chance you could make this work wit the Mighty Mule system? I’ve got to much wildlife to go with a motion sensor like the Dakota.

    The mighty mule doesn’t have the output contacts, but if there’s a way to hack/solder wires into it and connect to a zwave door sensor I’d love to try.

    1. Author

      I haven’t been inside of the mighty mule indoor unit, so I’m not sure if they have the contact closure terminals available to you. Just pop the top and take a look at what’s available to you. Otherwise, you may be able to hijack a LED signal that activates when the sensor is tripped to trigger the Z-Wave sensor.

  2. Hi Jody,

    I’m a novice when it comes to looking at the boards on things like this. I don’t believe it has the contact closure terminals. I did find this link with a pick inside the receiver. It sounds like tapping the LED would be the way to go. Do you have a suggestion on how to do that for a novice? Thank you in advance for your time, it is very much appreciated.

    https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-1pqlqrMnOnk/VMJwTBKtlzI/AAAAAAAARks/eTsk0Sn5hjI/w524-h698-no/IMG_0174.JPG

    1. Author

      I’m in the middle of a move, so I won’t be as much help as I normally could be since my meter and sensors are put away.

      If I were tackling this, I would:
      1) Figure out if the receiver for the Mighty Mule runs on 5V or 3.3V. A meter across the pins of Q3 (looks like the voltage regulator) will let you know that.
      2) Use a battery with a couple of wires and make sure that you can use the same voltage (instead of low resistance) to trigger the Z-Wave sensor.
      3) If you can confirm that works, then you’ll need to find the appropriate LED and connect a wire to the control line (most likely the side connected to R13-R15) and another to ground (like at the regulator).
      4) Run that wire pair over to the door sensor to trigger it when the LED is activated.

      This is more of an intermediate job since there are a lot of questions on my end. At a minimum, you’ll need a multimeter and a soldering iron. Good luck!

  3. Jody,

    Thank you again for the help and information, I will try this as soon as I’m able to.

  4. Very nice hack! This is exactly what I was looking for – moving into a new home with a looong driveway, and frustrated by the how all the old mailbox and driveway sensor technology hasn’t begun to catch up.

    1. Author

      Agreed, there’s definitely opportunity there for someone. Unfortunately, all of the startup nerds in San Francisco have REALLY SHORT driveways!

      Let me know how it turns out.

  5. I have a Mighty Mule system and it is very good at detecting mass metal motion. It does not respond to animals. The magnetic detector signals the driveway sender which convrts and sends an rf signal to one or more receivers (base stations) and turns on a red LED and sounds a short alarm at the base station.

    Unfortunately, the LED remains on until the receiver is manually reset. For this reason the signal to the LED is useless for triggering a Z-Wave sensor.

    The alarm audio signal is three beeps of short duration and is independent of the restet button. Even if you do not reset the receiver (base station) the audio alarm will sound every time the underground sensor detects a vehicle.

    So the problem is how to use the input to the audio device or the audio itself to trigger the Z-wave sensor. Still working on that. Would appreciate any comments and suggestions.

    Elwyn

    1. Author

      The problems is that audio signals are usually driving an 8 or 16 ohm speaker with pretty high current, and the driver used is probably not beefy enough use as a trigger. I would keep hunting for another signal with adequate voltage levels to trigger the sensor.

  6. Great solution! I just ordered some parts to try it myself! Question – What is the typical lag time between motion and your event (presumably a light turning on)?

    1. Author

      Well, it will depend on your hub. If you have a local unit like Vera, it’s typically under half of a second. A cloud unit like Wink, Smartthings, etc. can take 1-2 seconds depending on your connection.

  7. This updates my comment of 12/31/2016. I have found that by simply placing the Smart Things Multi-Purpose sensor on the Mighty Mule Receiver, the sensor detects and transmits to the Smart Things Hub every time the Mighty Mule Receiver sounds off. I only had to move the receiver to a location that is not disturbed by other motion (cupbord doors closing). I am very pleased with this very simple and inexpensive solution.
    Elwyn

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