Security up and electricity costs down! That about sums up this fix.
When analyzing the most effective burglary deterrents, we recently referenced a research paper based on a survey of convicted burglars in which 24% said outdoor lighting was part of their risk assessment before deciding to break into a house.
For me, I’m going to stack any weight onto the “don’t break in” side of that decision that I can, especially if it’s cost effective.
Many people don’t leave their outdoor lights on, defeating their benefits as a burglar deterrent.
Listen, I’m sensitive to light pollution (who doesn’t like seeing stars at night) and wasting electricity too. But, you don’t have to compromise your safety by leaving the lights off all the time. Instead, just install motion detection lights. And if you already have lights, this guide to retrofit a motion light is just for you.
Update: Since I wrote this, there’s now a super-easy alternative that requires no wiring from a company called Sengled that combines an LED bulb with a built-in motion sensor! Check it out the easier alternative on Amazon. They’ve also done lightbulb/speaker and lightbulb/camera mashups, so you know they’re not just a one-hit wonder.
Why Bother with Motion Detection Lights?
Why not just use standard flood lights? We already mentioned the environment and costs, but there is a security impact too. When lights are constantly on, you and your neighbors get used to them, like somebody living in LA thinks brown air is normal. They see it every day. If, on the other hand, a light comes on suddenly and there’s a creep in a hoody there, that is much more likely to get your attention.
And, I would think it makes burglars uncomfortable too. Imagine sneaking around a house when a light snaps on. Immediately, you’re worried about if you’ve been spotted by someone inside until you find the source of the light (if it has an obvious motion sensor on it). Any time you make a would-be criminal think about getting caught before committing the crime, there’s an opportunity to avoid it altogether.
Another benefit is that motion lights also save on your electricity costs. Instead of burning 8 hours a day, a motion sensor that is only active in low light conditions may only have your lights on for 30 minutes. With an incandescent flood light, that could lower your yearly electricity cost from $35 to a little over $2 assuming a $0.12/kWh cost.
The pay off period (the kit we picked is $18) is about a year at that rate if you already have flood lights. After a year, the continued savings are just gravy on the top.
Surprised by the cost savings? Let your friends know.
How to Add a Motion Sensor to Your Existing Lights
Hopefully, you’re sold. So, let’s jump into fixing your lights.
The required equipment list will depend on your light, but it will be something like:
- Outdoor motion sensor switch
Tough one, right? Your kit should come with wiring nuts to connect everything together.
Here’s how you make the change:
- Pick up an outdoor motion detection kit online (make sure your existing light or box has a knockout to screw it into, otherwise pick up one of these screw in units and the installation is super easy).
- Wait two days for it to show up.
- Turn off power to your light and take the cover off. (test that the power is off too!)
- Remove the insert where you want to install the motion detector.
- Run the wires into the fixture and screw the motion detector into your light fixture.
- Connect the hot wire from the house to the motion detector black, the red wire to the hot wire (black in the US) of the light, and tie the neutral wires together.
- Adjust the sensitivity as needed, button it all up, and call it done.
That wasn’t so bad, right? Now, all you have to do is wait for it to get dark so that you can test out the sensitivity of your new motion light!
The only other thing you may want to do is check out the possible settings for the motion detector that might fit your situation better. For the unit that I picked up, you could set it to stay on for 6 hours after dusk or always turn on with motion (day or night) in addition to the standard low light only operation.
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If you need any help at all, just drop a line in the comments, and I’ll do my best to help you out. I’m not an electrician though, so please consult one if in doubt.